need to know about silver jewelry
What kind of silver is used in jewelry? Which type of jewelry should I choose? How to find out the sample? Silver jewelry is not made from pure silver, but from alloys, since silver is a rather soft metal. For strength, other metals are added to it (usually copper), but more than 90% still remains in the share of silver. The bulk of silver jewelry is made from 925 sterling silver. This alloy contains 92.5% noble metal. Alloys with a lower percentage of silver oxidize more strongly and are less durable, while alloys with a higher percentage are softer (products made from them are more fragile). The hallmark on silver items should be looked for in the least visible places: on locks or on hinges, on the inside of the jewelry. In the photo there is a sample and a stamp. Photo by the author. Photo by the author. Photo by the author. Here the usual test is with a notch. But it can also be applied by laser; it is more difficult to find (it is better to use a magnifying glass). In addition to the hallmark, a silver product may bear a mark (this indicates that the purity and quality of the metal have been verified by the state). But not all silver jewelry can be stamped. Recently, the manufacturer has the right not to hallmark silver items weighing up to 3 g. 2. Can the authenticity of silver be verified? Which silver is better not to buy? Sometimes the buyer (especially if the purchase is made in an online store) has doubts about the authenticity of the metal. Is it possible to check on the spot whether it is silver? There is 100% no such method. You can inspect the product with a magnifying glass, check for the presence of a sample, a stamp, weigh it on an electronic scale and compare the weight with that indicated on the tag. Also, silver does not attract a magnet. Only a jeweler can confirm the authenticity of silver. At home, you can check the metal using “folk” methods, but this can ruin the decoration. As I indicated above, copper is usually present in a jewelry alloy with silver, but sometimes zinc is added instead. It is better not to buy such decoration. Zinc does not add strength to the alloy and can cause allergies. 3. About the jewelry passport. The passport of any piece of jewelry is the tag. Sometimes there may be two of them (the second is usually for precious inserts). The tag is attached to the decoration with fishing line and sealed with a seal. The passport indicates the fineness, the total weight of the product (if the jewelry has stones, the weight of the metal may also be indicated separately), the presence of inserts, their name, quantity and characteristics. The article number must be indicated, by whom and where the product was manufactured. Photo by the author. 4. What types of plating for silver jewelry are there? Why do you need coverage? Silver jewelry can be in its “natural” form - without coating with anything. Photo by the author. Or coated. Most often, jewelry is coated with rhodium, oxide and gold. Rhodium gives products a noble shine of a silver-steel hue (white gold is also coated with it), increases the strength of the metal and its durability. Photo by the author. Gold plating also prolongs the product's life and changes its color. Photo by the author. High-quality gilding is indistinguishable from gold. There is only a pendant with the sign of the Zodiac made of gold. Oxidation visually noblely ages the jewelry, darkening certain places. (In its appearance, the decoration can be confused with blackening. But the latter is a technique used in the manufacturing process, and not a coating on top, although the results are similar). Oxidation can be expressed to a greater or lesser extent (see photo). Sometimes several types of coatings are used on one piece of jewelry. Photo by the author. 5. Are silver jewelry costume jewelry? No, these are jewelry. But there is such a thing as jewelry. This is jewelry made using precious metals (gold, silver). Most often, this is a coating of a jewelry alloy on top with a layer of silver, less often - gilding. 6. Choosing silver jewelry. Before you start choosing silver jewelry, you need to decide what kind of silver you want to have. All types have pros and cons. If gold products require minimal and rather rare care, silver requires more careful attention. Uncoated jewelry is the lightest in color; they require a little less attention during wear, but require frequent cleaning. You can swim in them and wash your hands. Rhodinated silver is closer to steel color and has a noble shine. But in order for the coating to last as long as possible, certain rules must be followed. This also applies to jewelry with gilding and oxidation. With prolonged use, the coating layer becomes thinner, but it can be renewed in a jewelry workshop. Photo by the author. For comparison. In order: pendants without coating, rhodium plated, with oxidation. It is also advisable to determine in advance the approximate weight of the product, the size of the ring or bracelet, and the length of the chain. Pay attention to the types of chain weaving. Some are well suited for wearing pendants, while others look better solo. 7. Some rules for using silver jewelry. Store in a place with a stable average temperature and low humidity I think it’s best to put them in special boxes (not in a bunch), clean them as needed. When the product comes into contact with skin, do not use creams, oils, perfumes, etc. Remove rings before washing your hands or doing housework. Remove jewelry before playing sports, before going to the pool, taking a shower, or taking a bath.